Monday, August 24, 2020
Investigation governments engaged with occasions and celebration - Essay Example A couple of duties anyway are normal among every one of these degrees of the legislature except for others which are worried about just a specific degree of government. The essential capacity of each administration is to give security and wellbeing to the individuals. It is likewise the obligation of the administration to keep up request and harmony in the nation (Raj and Morpeth, 2007). It goes under the most extreme obligation of the legislature to ensure that no such occasions are occurring in the nation that can bring about interruption of the smooth running of the administration and in this way influence strength of the nation. It is likewise the obligation of the concerned specialists to keep the monetary states of the nation up to a specific essential stamp and endeavor to gain the nation ground and increment financial dependability. Giving the individuals and the residents of the nation with the essential necessities and arrangements of life so as to assist the individuals wi th living a fulfilled and battled life is the commitment of the organization. Additionally governments have the essential duty to give recreation exercises to the individuals of their nation with the goal that they stay sound and fit (Hall and Sharples, 2008). It is fundamentally the obligation of the nearby government to give these relaxation and diversion offices to the individuals. Diversion offices that legislature generally center around incorporate event congregations, parks, strolling tracks, gardens, theater, sports grounds, shopping centers, historical centers, craftsmanship displays, shows and various destinations for vacation destinations. So as to make these amusement offices effectively open it is fundamental that the vehicle offices like train, transports, and so on are effectively accessible and these offices are accessible at a reasonable cost with the goal that they can be gotten to by all the residents of the nation. Other than that streets and
Saturday, August 22, 2020
The Cola Wars Essay There are a couple of reasons why the soda business has been truly beneficial for such a long time. One such explanation is that sodas have been viewed as an incredible and scrumptious option in contrast to drinking simply water. In spite of the fact that water is fundamental to life and its even a principle fixing in sodas, its normally dull in taste and unexciting to the customer. Sodas anyway are funs, delightful, and heavenly to drink so they give the shopper another thing to want and are purchased to separate the dreariness of drinking downright water. A second explanation that the soda pop industry has been truly gainful would be a direct result of the way that sodas have been a modest purchase for the customer in contrast with whatever else available. Soda pops have been sold for as meager as a nickel for every a beverage for differing sizes and amounts of the refreshment, while other non soda pop drinks have gone for rate that are a lot higher than this. Indeed, even in todays advertise a purchaser can go out to a store and purchase any sort of soda item off the rack and it would cost the significantly short of what it would for a jug of juice or even an instance of the solid alternative, water. With a low buy cost they have had the option to tempt customer to keep on purchasing their items. A third explanation that soda pop industry has been has a solid history of being productive would be that they have consistently had solid promoting efforts that intrigue to their buyer base and crowd. With crusades, for example, the Pepsi Generation which went on for over 10 years to assist them with setting objective the individuals who were youthful, or if nothing else youthful on a basic level, and even had the catchphrase Ã¢â¬Å"For the individuals who think youngÃ¢â¬ at one point helped them catch and take away from Cokes huge piece of the overall industry, and even carried them to inside a 2-1 deals hole, while Coca-Cola utilized itÃ¢â¬â¢s a Coca-Cola way of life to advertise its soda pops, in any event, going similarly as being a backer of the U. S. furnished administrations and offering officers a level rate for their items during WWI. Advertising efforts, for example, these assistance support deals of sodas more than a very long while and picked up them faithful clients who have stayed by and kept on buying the item that they like to drink. Thusly of promoting has help make a sort of way of life for the customer, which can have a solid advantage for them in the people to come, in such a case that the parent of kids have a particular sort of drink that they get their kids on, at that point they are making the up and coming age of purchasers for an item.
Monday, July 20, 2020
How to Practically Implement the Theory of Constraints Talking about something can be easy. But when it comes to taking action, the task can be daunting.This may be due to a lack of understanding of what is to be done. It can also be caused by a lack of experience in taking the kind of action required.Yet you should not give up and wait to see what follows your inaction.Whether you are a startup or a large corporation, you definitely want to make your operations more efficient.Having learned about the Theory of Constraints in a previous article, today we want to focus primarily on implementation.We will use a company example to see how every step of the theory can be implemented.6 STEPS TO FOLLOW IN IMPLEMENTING THE THEORY OF CONSTRAINTSWe will go straight into defining our environment. For this article, we will assume that you run a car manufacturing plant.The name of the car you manufacture is Future and the company name is the same.Your goal is to have Future outdo the competition by providing an affordable high quality electric car. It has all the technology to go with it including a wireless connection.This is to enable it get software updates from you while picking calendar events from the owner to plan for trips.With such a great product, you have already made some sales.You are currently improving the product by incorporating customer feedback into the manufacturing process.From your marketing campaigns, people are excited and you have received pre-orders for the improved version. Though initially not sure about pre-orders, you decided to give your customers the opportunity.You met with your finance, production and logistics managers and set the pre-order price. Money came in and now have your hands full.Itâs time to work.The ProblemFrom making an annual sale of 300 units, you now have orders for 700 units. You have promised to deliver within 10 months. From your estimation, this is possible.Unfortunately, the possibility proves impossible.Since you need to produce 70 units per month, you hire more staff to fill the gap. The work seems to continue well, only that at the end of the first month, you have only produced 45 cars.From a quick analysis, you realize that the staff have not been working as fast as you need them to. But some managers inform you that the work cannot be done faster otherwise the quality will be compromised.You still push them and the second month sees 5 more produced.At this point, you are 45 units behind schedule. The first month was 25 cars less (70 â" 45) while the second month was 20 less (70 â" 50).At this rate, you will need 4 more months to fulfill the order of 700 cars.You need to do something fast. You need to communicate to the customers as soon as possible and prepare them for a delay.What exactly went wrong?Letâs find out.1. Identify a Measurable GoalIn using the theory of constraints, there is a step which is often overlooked. Perhaps the step is seen to be too obvious to be mentioned. But that assumption can be very costly.This is the step whe re you identify a measurable goal. With a measurable goal, you are then able to find out what is causing you not to achieve your goal.Skipping this step leaves you with no clear way of knowing whether you are performing well or not.Letâs look at how this works in the company Future.There were pre-orders for 700 cars. From your estimation, these would have been produced within 10 months.What is it that would have happened if you never checked how much you were manufacturing every month? What if you just waited for 10 months to lapse then sought to deliver?You would have been shocked to find that you only had 450 cars.From your follow-up, you managed to push the production to 50 cars on the second month. With everything remaining constant, you would then have 495 cars by the end of month ten.Because you had identified the need for 70 units per month, you were able to easily recognize when a problem occurred.This is your measurable goal.If you didnât have it, you would be taken by surprise come delivery day. Or you would notice the shortfall when it was too late.This would have resulted in negative press once angry customers took you to task.2. Identify the ConstraintFor a successful utilization of the theory of constraints, first realize that there is a problem. The presence of a problem is however not all you need to realize.The bigger task is to identify the problem itself.More specifically, identify the cause of the problem. This problem is what the theory refers to as a constraint. Another word used for it is the bottleneck. It is where the flow of work is most limited, hindering optimized operations.Identifying the constraint can take some time. In some cases, it may not be very clear. For that reason, a hurried inquiry may lead to a wrong conclusion.This is as bad as treating a non-existent disease. When a misdiagnosis is given at the hospital, the problem worsens.The current disease remains unnoticed while another one is indirectly introduced.So, letâ s identify the constraint.In Future, where you manufacture a similarly-named car, you have five main processes in production.1. Production of the engine â" this is one of the time-consuming parts of your manufacturing. Considering the number of your staff, you can do a maximum of four engines on a good day. You need around 2 hours to finish one.2. Production of the chassis â" this takes the second-longest to complete. A total of 1.5 hours is needed for the chassis.3. Production of the body â" this also uses 1.5 hours to produce. The design of Future makes it time consuming. For the aerodynamics conditions to be met, more time is needed.4. Production of the tires â" the production part which needs the least time to manufacture is the tires. The modern machines used and the highly-automated process make a huge difference. Four tires are produced in a record 30 minutes.This means that when one body is complete, there are enough tires for 3 cars. In the two hours needed to finish working on the engine, there are tires for 4 cars.5. Assembly of the car â" assembling the car takes 3 hours. Although the initial stages of this process are carried out by machines, there are final touches which need a human hand.All in all, to produce one car, it takes a total of 5 hours. This is because the engine, chassis, body and tires are all produced concurrently.These processes run separately but at the same time. The item taking the most time to produce is what determines the total production time.That item is the engine. Since it takes 2 hours to produce the engine, and 3 hours to assemble everything, the whole car takes 5 hours.6. Storage â" after the successful manufacturing of every car, it is moved to the storage area. This is done in less than 5 minutes. It is safe not to consider this as part of production.So what is the constraint?The constraint lies in the assembly. This is the part of the production where things slow down. It is the most time-consuming part of the process and it hinders faster production.3. Exploit the ConstraintThe next step is to look for ways of exploiting the constraint. This is where you seek to make the most out of the constraint.In most cases, most managers will seek to do an upgrade of the system so as to increase the capacity. Obviously this is a viable option but with the theory of constraints, that is not the best option.At least not at this point.This theory dictates that before undertaking major system changes, first make minor ones.These small changes will increase your productivity at a lower cost and help you understand the shortcomings of your system.In a way, this is what initially happened at Future. Due to increased pressure, the staff were able to produce 5 more vehicles without any increase in operational costs.At this point however, the area of focus is the assembly line.How do you exploit it for maximum production?You will need to do two things:1. Identify the cause of the problem â" since you can never fix a problem you are not aware of, first identify the problem. What exactly happens at the assembly point? How is the work carried out? What do the employees do before receiving the parts to be assembled? What happens to the assembly machine?With work beginning every morning, the staff in this section are mainly idle. The machines which do the primary assembly are also off.They get switched on once the parts are available from the other processes. The machines themselves take around 15 minutes to be ready.Looking at the assembly process, you notice that between the machine shift and human shift, some time is lost.From your estimation, this is around 20 minutes. More than that, the human part of the work takes more time as your staff counter-check each otherâs work three times.With each employee taking around 10 minutes to finish the assembly, it eventually takes 30 minutes for three employees.2. Fix the cause of the problem â" with so much time getting wasted, what do you do?The solution is to cut off the âextraâ time being used to do what has already been done i.e. counter-checking. This is the solution for the last part of the process.For the time taken before the machines are ready to start assembly, the machines can be switched on 30 minutes before receiving the parts.This will eliminate the 15 minutes wasted during powering. The additional 15 minutes can be used to check the machines for any problems.Then there are the 20 minutes getting lost as the final product moves from the machines to the human workers.If your staff stand ready to receive the work from the machine, they will save this 20 minutes. If they switch the machines on before the production processes are completed, they will save a further 15 minutes.Lastly, doing away with two of the counter-checking staff avails 20 more minutes. In total, you will save 55 minutes if you implement these changes.This can easily be rounded off to 1 hour if the workers simply concentrate on the w ork being done.This solution will increase the efficiency of the constraint. There will be no time wasted. The machines will be ready for work as soon as the production phase is complete.If 1 hour is saved at the assembly line, then it will take 4 hours to complete one car. If the work is being done in 8-hour day shifts, then one day can see 2 vehicles completed.This is as opposed to the need for a 10-hour day shift if finishing one car in 5 hours.If manufacturing takes place every day of the week, then you will be able to produce at least 60 cars in a month. This is 10 more from the 50 you are getting after piling pressure on your staff.This stage focuses on maximizing the constraint. When you do this, overall productivity is improved.4. Subordinate to the ConstraintThis is the stage where you make changes to the other stages of production.This is to align them with the constraint.At first, this may seem counter-intuitive, but there is a good reason for it.When you align all operat ions to the constraint, you create some advantages. Some of these are:Easy monitoring of the system â" it becomes easy to see what is going on in each area of operation. The point of focus is the constraint thus your attention will be on it. With a keener eye on the constraint, you are able to ensure the changes you made are implemented and working.Increased inventory safety â" when individual parts of the whole system are working at maximum capacity, one danger lurks in the shadows. Inventory safety is compromised. If you are producing 4 tires in half an hour yet assembly takes 3 hours, where are the extra tires going?Of course they can be stored awaiting assembly time.But this arrangement opens the door to potential loss of inventory. If the tires are way more than the engine and chassis, it becomes easy to lose track.Improved collaboration â" subordinating to the constraint makes every system work at the pace of the constraint. This means everyone works at the same pace. The f low of work will be improved since all your staff are on the same page. This is what teamwork should be like. How do you subordinate to the constraint?There are two simple steps. The second one is more of an âextraâ step you can take to further improve productivity at the constraint.STEP NO. 1: Reduce the number of tires being produced. For every 2 hours needed for assembly, have only one set of four tires produced. Since chassis and body production take 1.5 hours each, those can remain as they are.At the beginning of every working day, the individual processes can begin. The aim is to produce only one product after 2 hours; an engine, body, chassis and four tires. These go into the assembly line.While assembling the car is ongoing, those individual processes start over again. The aim? Produce only one item. This includes the tires where only one set is to be produced.Although the engine guys will not experience any change, those working on the chassis and body will experience s ome idle time. The same applies to the tire producers.This is all okay because your intention is to stop having a backlog at the constraint. Whenever there is a backlog, things often go wrong. For instance, your staff at the constraint will feel overwhelmed. Whenever there is a feeling of being overwhelmed, unproductivity is the end result. Source: Sacha ChuaThere is nothing worse than going home knowing you did not finish todayâs work. Even refreshing your mind becomes a challenge.When your staff go home having finished the dayâs work, they feel good about themselves. They have accomplished the dayâs goal.In the long run therefore, you will have invested in your system by investing in your staff.STEP NO. 2: Take the idle staff to the assembly line. While focusing on the constraint, it might be great to make further improvements at the constraint. Since your tire guys have 1.5 hours of rest and your chassis and body producers have 30 minutes each of free time, they can help out with assembly.This is a cheap way of utilizing your staff.If you were not using the theory of constraints, you probably would have rushed to hire more staff for your assembly.But following this theory, you have taken a different route. One that has saved you considerable amounts of money.It is also important to realize that rushing to hire more staff doesnât necessarily solve problems.You will have to train the new employees and have them familiarize themselves with everything.It becomes an additional cost yet you most likely never understood what the problem really was.With this management theory, you tackle issues one by one, starting with the most urgent one. This gives you a thorough understanding of the root causes of the problem.Furthermore, any improvements made in the system have a longer-lasting effect.5. Increase the Constraintâs CapacityOnce you have done all the above and decide you still want more cars produced per day, itâs now time to make an expensive investment.You have many options to choose from.You may decide to buy or lease more machines which handle the initial part of the assembly.You can also buy more advanced machines and have a fully-automated car assembly system.Still, there is the option of outsourcing this part of the production process.The options are as many as you can think of.At the end of the day, what matters is that you have made tremendous savings.These come in cash when you avoided an expensive upgrade too early.And in reducing the amount of backlog for the constraint, you prevented potential inventory loss.Better still, you have improved internal efficiency by dealing with the real problem.This management methodology is helpful in training someone to eliminate noise and get to the root of the problem.6. Repeat the Above Process with a New ConstraintHaving done the good job of dealing with the constraint, you need to check the system again for another constraint.There will most likely be another one which you didnât see at first since it wasnât the biggest bottleneck.You should follow the above steps in dealing with that new constraint.Repeating this process severally will help you make systematic changes in a manageable manner.CONCLUSIONThis was a realistic example of how the theory of constraints can be implemented.You can visualize the practical steps and apply them in your company. You will definitely experience the benefits.
Thursday, May 21, 2020
Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 598 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2017/09/17 Category Finance Essay Type Argumentative essay Tags: Financial Analysis Essay Did you like this example? How best to exploit the opportunity presented by Oxyglobin without jeopardizing the potential of Hemopure is a tough problem for BiopureÃ¢â¬â¢s executive. According to the financial analysis, it is suggested that Biopure begin to sell Oxyglobin at $150 per unit to emergency care practice at the Veterinary Blood Market and have its own distribution network. This will make a profit of $5 million at first year and $17 million thereafter. The steadfast income will consolidate BiopureÃ¢â¬â¢s financial structure and enhance the competiveness of Hemopure. The potential annual values are $794 $135 million for Hemopure Oxyglobin respectively. The human blood substitutes market would be monopoly if only Hemopure released, so the Oxyglobin influence could be omitted. Otherwise, if competitors with similar selling price appear, production cost and capacity will dominate the market share. Unfortunately, the residual capital without launching Oxyglobin can not meet the cost requir ement of a new production line. Therefore, launching Oxyglobin is a support rather than a threat. The marketing strategy of Oxyglobin will be mentioned below. First, Biopure has to concentrate on the emergency care market instead of primary care market since the research shows relatively higher gross revenue in emergency care practices despite the rare 5% frequency. In addition, the annual requirement of blood transfusion in emergency care practices is approximately 900,900 units, which exceed 300,000 units Ã¢â¬â the capacity of Oxyglobin. In other words, the whole Oxyglobin can be successfully sold out because of the deficit blood supply. Furthermore, pet owners are more willing to pay for emergency care than pay for primary care. Therefore, Biopure can only focus its target on emergency care practices market in the initial stage. Second, $150 per unit is a proper price for Oxyglobin because of the results offered by the pet ownersÃ¢â¬â¢ and veterinariansÃ¢â¬â¢ surveys . The results indicated that $150 and $300 per unit are willingly accepted by veterinarian and pet owner when most clients face critical cases. Aside from that, a pet owner will pay $130 to $170 per unit in a typical emergency care practice under the Ã¢â¬Å"donor animalÃ¢â¬ system. Oxyglobin at $150 can motivate clients easily and show profitable. Third, Biopure can set up a brand called Ã¢â¬Å"Pure Blood BankÃ¢â¬ in charge of the product distribution. After comparing the distribution cost between independent distributors and manufacturer direct, Biopure can find manufacturer direct are more attractive. Those independent distributors will charge Oxyglobin at $150 as less-established product for $45 per unit. The cost of BiopureÃ¢â¬â¢s own network, however, is estimated to be $10 to $15 per unit to physically distribute Oxyglobin. The difference between costs for training the sales reps every year and those for maintaining its own sales force is subtly nuanced $2 milli on per year. Even more, Ã¢â¬Å"Pure Blood BankÃ¢â¬ is planned to entry human blood market when Hemopure is going to debut. Fourth, promotion and education of Oxyglobin to veterinarians at trade publications and trade shows are necessary. Biopure sales reps also provide the training to veterinarians when they distribute Oxyglobin. In addition, not only at veterinary hospitals but also at petÃ¢â¬â¢s product retailers, Oxyglobin are going to be advertised to introduce the advantages to pet owners. The annual promotional fee is estimated to be 6 million. To forecast the revenue, Biopure can gain about $45 million annually before Hemopure releases, as long as Oxyglobin are sold out due to the strong demand. The estimated profit of Oxyglobin will be $17 million although it is hard to reach at first year and expected to emerge from the next year. Since Biopure has the uncertainty of FDA approval to Hemopure and the manifest competitors, strengthening the capital venture by increasi ng earning and possessing a steady income is inevitable. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The marketing strategy of Oxyglobin" essay for you Create order
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Into the Wild, written by Jon Krakauer, is the story of a young man named Christopher Johnson McCandless who ventured off to Alaska and tried to survive in the wild. McCandless grew up in Annandale, Virginia where he attended school and made very good grades, rarely bringing home anything below an A. His father, Walt worked for NASA for a little while, before starting his own business with ChrisÃ¢â¬â¢s mother, Billie, out of their own home. They worked hard and for long hours to get the business up and running and it finally paid off. The McCandless family was wealthy, but had many emotional problems. After graduating from Emory University in 1990, Chris McCandless donated twenty-four thousand dollars from his savings account to charity,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦He had hinted to his parents that he would be heading off on an adventure, but promised that he would visit them first. He never visited; ChrisÃ¢â¬â¢s graduation was the last time his parents had seen or even heard f rom him. Walt and Billie McCandless were devastated. They hired a private investigator, but had no luck. The author, Jon Krakauer, explains that Billie never left home without leaving a note on the door for Chris in case he returned (Krakauer 125). Billie even says, Ã¢â¬Å"Whenever we were out driving and saw a hitchhiker, if he looked anything like Chris, weÃ¢â¬â¢d turn around and circle backÃ¢â¬ (Krakauer 125). She also admits that night time was the worst and that when it was stormy outside she would wonder, Ã¢â¬Å"Where is he? Is he warm? Is he hurt? Is he lonely? Is he OK?Ã¢â¬ (Krakauer 125). She would even have nightmares about her son calling for her help (Krakauer 126). This can be unimaginable for any parent. Not knowing where oneÃ¢â¬â¢s child is could be extremely depressing and could be unhealthy. Chris did not realize how fortunate he was to have a family who loved him dearly and provided shelter and food for him. Another example of this is the fact that Chri s changed his name to Alexander Supertramp. His parents gave him his birth name and by changing that, it was like he was no longer a part of them. This could be a stab in the back for most parents. When he left his farewell note for whoever should find him, he did not mention his parents at all. ChrisShow MoreRelatedInto the Wild by Jon Krakauer563 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesJon Krakauer presents Into The Wild a tragic tale of a young ambitious man who is motivated to go into the wilderness and discover his true identity.Jon krakauer conveys many messages to his readers through Chris McCandless, and his messages often offer a warning to society.we will furture idenitfy how the author delievers the warning to society and what effect it can have upon society today.Three of the very important messages he empatizes on are the societies influence on people,the essence ofRead MoreThe Wild By Jon Krakauer1096 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAllyssa Mikes July 2012 Into the Wild Mr. Fertmann Throughout the non-fictional novel Into the Wild, the author Jon Krakauer catches the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s interest early on in the book. Krakauer takes us on a journey, telling the story of young Chris McCandlessÃ¢â¬â¢ adventures after abandoning everything he owned. Krakauer fully emerged himself into the study of McCandlessÃ¢â¬â¢ lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s adventures and soon developed a deep understanding of who he was and how he impacted to world. Krakauer connected with McCandless in anRead MoreInto The Wild By Jon Krakauer946 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescompelling novel Ã¢â¬Å"Into The WildÃ¢â¬ by Jon Krakauer the character and intelligence of the youth in men is questioned. Through the pieced together 200 page novel we are introduced to Christopher Johnson McCandless also known as Ã¢â¬Å"Alex SupertrampÃ¢â¬ . A ripe 24 years of age he chose to question our reality and his meaning of life that is given to us by hitchhiking across America to the Alaskan wilderness, where after four months in the last frontier he is found dead. Krakauer throughout the novel shows thatRead MoreInto The Wild By Jon Krakauer1330 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesshared.Ã¢â¬ - Jon Krakauer Into the wild. Jon Krakauer, the author of Into the Wild told the story of Chris McCandless. Chris escaped reality and went to go live off the land in Alaska, hoping to live a simpler life. In the novel, Into the Wild by Jon Krakauer, Chris McCandless shared a similar philosophy with Jack London, as they both have a strong passion for Alaska, they both appreciated they beauty of nature, and both wanted to be reborn. In the novel, Into the Wild by Jon Krakauer, Chris McCandlessRead MoreInto The Wild By Jon Krakauer1349 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSummary Into the Wild by Jon Krakauer is a true story about Chris McCandless who is found dead in the Alaskan wild during September 1992. After discovering that his father had a secret secondary family when Chris was young, Chris pushes away his friends and family and eventually isolates himself. He obtains $25,000 from his parents by lying about attending law school and drives away from home, deserting his real name. He later leaves his car in Georgia after an engine breakdown due to rain damageRead MoreThe Wild By Jon Krakauer1522 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesvictories.Ã¢â¬ (Richard M. Nixon). In his investigative biography, Into the Wild, Jon Krakauer, expresses that even though young people can be ignorant and take treacherous risks, these can be used as knowledge enhancers and can be life changers. Krakauer gives us insight by giving examples of what risk really are, how people take them, and how it actually affects those people. Throughout the whole book there are instances where krakauer uses real life examples of things that have happened where people haveRead MoreInto The Wild By Jon Krakauer Essay1237 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Jon Krakauer s novel Ã¢â¬Å"Into the wildÃ¢â¬ , Is a story about a young man named Christopher McCandless or Ã¢â¬Å"Alex SupertrampÃ¢â¬ who went on a self discovering odyssey in which he had traveled around the U.S. The story surrounds Chris and his travels and what he had done at the time, leading to his death in August 1992. Thus the story takes a direction in the viewpoints of the people Alex has come across through in his travels. It speaks about what he had done at the time of his journey before he hadRead MoreInto The Wild By Jon Krakauer1013 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Into the Wild, by Jon Krakauer, narrates the life of adventurer and free spirit Christopher McCandless, who died August 1992 in the Alaskan wilderness; however, his journey still remains relevant in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s pop culture due to the unresolved controversy of whether he is a saintly role model or hubristic fool. Krakauer openly states that he Ã¢â¬Å"wonÃ¢â¬â¢t claim to be an impartial biographerÃ¢â¬ (AuthorÃ¢â¬â¢s Note) due to the parallels he struck with McCandless, and provides a more idealistic approach to the biographyRead MoreInto the Wild by Jon Krakauer1516 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRosselini, John Waterman and Carl McCunn. They all went to Alaska, just like Chris and died. After that Chris continued to canoe and got caught by the US officers when he was trying to get back into the US from Mexico. So he spent a night in jail. Krakauer then compared Chris to Everett Reuss. They both changed their names and they both disappeared. Chris applied for an ID as Alex Supertramp and found a job in Los Angeles. New York Times published about AlexÃ¢â¬â¢s death. Jim Gallien and Wayne WesterbergRead MoreInto the Wild: by Jon Krakauer1186 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessense Krakauers natural liking for McCandless. He was sympathetic to McCandless, based on Krakauers sense of a shared experience in their youth and up until McCandless eventual death and Krakauers perceived near death experience on the Devils Thumb. I believe the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s main point and perspective was formed from his own experience and relationship with his father. While the situations were basically reversed with Chris not approving of his father and Lewis Krakauer disappointed in Jon for not
Format Papers must take the following format: * A4 paper (21 cm wide and 29 cm long) * 1. 5 cm for the left hand margin while 1 cm for the rest of the margins * Times New Roman, 12 point pitch, Align Justified * Double Spacing * Minimum length of 15 pages and maximum of 50 pages including figures, appendices and references * Leave a blank line between paragraphs but do not indent * Include page numbers at the upper right * Do not print anything in header or footer . 2 Structure Chapter titles must be centered in bold capitals. We will write a custom essay sample on Capstone Project Guidelines or any similar topic only for you Order Now Following the information given in Executive Summary, it must not exceed 200 words. The main body of the paper will start at the page after the Table of Contents. It will be divided into chapters and sections (OPTIONAL). Sections should be numbered using two digits and their title typed in bold typeface (E. g. 1. 3 Validation). A blank line must be left before each title except the new pages. All text must start at the left hand margin where new paragraphs should not be indented. 2 The order of the paper is as follows: 1. The chapters of the main body of text should follow the format as indicated above. 2. The ACKNOWLEDGMENT(if required) and EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (titled centered and in bold capital typeface) 3. The REFERENCES and APPENDICES (titled centered and in bold capital typeface) 1. 3 Table and Figures * In general tables and figures should be on the page where they are referred. Do not place them altogether at the end of the manuscript. Also, tables and figures should be numbered consecutively and should have informative titles, which make the data understandable without referring to the text. For caption use 10 pt, Times New Roman, centered. Tables must be numbered sequentially and have a self explanatory title centered over the table. If a table is taken from a source, proper citation must be given otherwise it is considered as yours.* Figures must be drawn using a good quality software, NOT SIMPLY SCANNED; must be numbered sequentially and have a self explanatory title centered under the figure. All figures must be drawn properly and can be seen even without enlargement or reduction. Photographs must be of good quality. If a figure is taken from a source, proper citation must be given otherwise it is considered as yours. Use footnotes carefully and place it on the lower right bottom on the page on which they are referred. Use Times New Roman, 8 point type, single spaced. 3 Table 1. Caption of table should be justified, with information understandable without reference to the text. Items| A| B| C| 1| 20| 23| 12| 2| 21| 24| 23| 3| 22| 12| 51| Figure 1. Caption of figure should be justified, with information understandable without reference to the text. 1. 4 Reports The Capstone Project final report must have the following: INTRODUCTION Project Context: What is interesting, valuable or original in this project?Purpose and Description: What is this project and why do we need this project? Objectives: Should be measurable using the result of this project. 4 Scope and Limitation: This will set your boundaries for the project. Scope deals with what your project can do, while limitation deals with what your project canÃ¢â¬â¢t do. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE: This part will explain recent research that will support the projectÃ¢â¬â¢s research. It will not showcase what other researchers have done. METHODOLOGY Requirements Analysis: This part will discuss the requirements set by the client (user of the system/website/network).Use Case Diagram and Narrative (O/Information System), Entity Relationship Diagram, Data Dictionary and other necessary data will be discussed to elaborate the requirements. Design of Software, Systems, and/or Processes: After setting the requirements, the student should discuss the design of their projects either it is a software, system and/or processes. Network Floor Layout (Network Design and Implementation), Routing Table (Network Design and Implementation), Context Diagram (if applicable), Data Flow Diagram (if applicable), Functional Partitioning (if applicable) and other necessary data should be illustrated and discussed. Description of the Prototype: In this part, how model is used in the project will be discussed. For Online/Information Systems, software life cycle such as Water Fall Model, Rapid Prototyping Model, Spiral Model, etc. For Websites, Joomla and/or other open source. For Network Design and Implementation, network type/classification, architecture and other necessary data will be illustrated and discussed. Development and Testing: This part will confer the turn of events during the development and testing of the system and/or proce ss. Bugs, errors, other constraints and solutions to these problems should be discussed. Implementation Plan (if applicable): A schedule both agreed by the client and the student/researcher must be planned and illustrated using a Gantt Chart. A detailed discussion on implementation schedule should be highlighted on this part. Implementation Results (if applicable): A discussion on the results during implementation, bugs, errors and other constraints experienced. Solutions to these problems should also be discussed. 6RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: This will discuss the projectÃ¢â¬â¢s result and Analysis Report. CONCLUSION: Refer to page 14 RECOMMENDATION: Refer to page 15 1. 5 Reference Ensure that the references cited in the text are also present in the reference list and vice versa. In the body of the documents are referred by authorÃ¢â¬â¢s surname with the year of publication in parenthesis. If the quotation itself is in parenthesis, the year of publication is separated by comma. If the reference has more than two authors, only the surname and initials of the first author followed by et al. n italics will appear in the body of the text. The citation should appear in the text as the author(s) last name(s) followed by the year of publication in bracket, e. g. Cortez et al. (1996), Heng et al (2007), Cortez and Muin (2008), Cortez and Saadat (2008), and Cortez (2002). To complete the paper, references must be given alphabetically by authorÃ¢â¬â¢s surname including surname(s) and initial of author(s), separated by comma, year of publication in parenthesis, title of paper, title and volume of the journal in bold typeface, and first and last pages.In case of books, the title of the book must be in bold typeface, the first letter is capitalized; the publisher and the city/town of publication must be indicated. 7 Unpublished results and personal communications should not be in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. Citation of a reference as Ã¢â¬Ëin pressÃ¢â¬â¢ implies that the item has been accepted for publication. A list of reference should be given at the end of the text in alphabetical order of first authorÃ¢â¬â¢s last names and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters Ã¢â¬Å"aÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"bÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"cÃ¢â¬ , etc. , placed after the year of publication Citing and listing of web references. As a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any further information, if known (author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc. ), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e. g. , after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list. For anonymous reports and standards, alphabetize by the issuing institution.The reference list must be summarized at the end of the main text. Make sure reference information is complete and accurate in the following order: last names and initials of all authors; year of publication; title of paper, report, or book chapter; title of book or periodical; volume and issue numbers; name and location of publisher (for books), name and location of publisher or sponsor (for proceedings); and inclusive page numbers. 8 The following examples present some of the most typical cases of referencing at the end of the paper; please follow them as strictly as possible. ) How to cite Capstone Project Guidelines, Papers
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Introduction The population rate in Eastern Europe has been on the rise in the last few years, with the economy recovering at a rapid pace from the collapse of communist Soviet Union and the former Yugoslavia. The East-West divide has seen the Western Europe attain a higher standard of living with a high GPD compared to the Eastern Europe. Though the markets in this region are hardly recognized, it does not mean that it is a wasted region to invest in.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Investing In Eastern Europe specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In fact, with the recent rise in GPD and economy, it has provided a big opportunity for investment to both the locals and foreign investors. For a developing region competing with already developed regions, Eastern Europe has shown great potential of growing and offering the growth opportunity to the investors. This paper will look at the opportunities available in Eastern Europe as well as the challenges facing investors attempting to penetrate the market in the region (Pal 23). Economic Sectors In Eastern Europe According to Mair and Reynard (169), the region has majored in several economic sectors that have attempted to contribute to the restoration of its GPD and standard of living. Investors wishing to invest in Eastern Europe need to be aware of this sector to help them in their area of investment. Eastern Europe has three main growing sectors, the main one being Agriculture. This sector is generally developing at a high rate especially with the assistance of the Common Agricultural Policy. The policy has helped farmers to penetrate the competitive market by subsidizing their markets and setting a minimal price for their goods. The policy has however raised criticism as it is said to hamper with the policy of free trade between Eastern Europe and the other developed countries. The other sector is Manufacturing. The region has been in th is sector since mid 20th century but the sector was not long lived as it suffered from the collapse of communism. It however picked up in 21st century after Eastern EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s states joined the European Union and its agreement to join the European Common Market. The growth of manufacturing sector has increased the economy growth by creating industrial employment as a result of many companies that have emerged. The last sector is banking that has contributed to huge growth of Eastern Europe financial sector. The introduction of euro as the common currency has made it easier to conduct trade in other European countries. Though this sector has been affected by the communist legacy, it is also picking up slowly to the standards of those in Western Europe. Opportunities For Foreign Investment In Eastern Europe With the economic strain that hit Eastern Europe and the effort it underwent to regain it, the new economy and flat tax plan have encouraged foreign investors and a growth of 8.8 in GDP recorded due to the foreign investors.Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The market for foreign investors is rising with the investors given various opportunities to penetrate the market. A good opportunity is through Foreign Direct Investment which entails a greater stability rather than the speculative capital. This is where the investor directly purchase or create an entire business in the region or owns a certain percentage of the company shares. The shares play an important role of maximizing the profits of the company especially by the foreign shareholders (Dobsiewics 10). Credits investment is also another available opportunity where investors open up private banks to finance the economy. Due to many debts the region owes to its creditors, this is a good opportunity to finance the debts but this investment requires protection and a strategic measure because of the risks involved. The other opportunity available is property investment where investors can buy land. Statistics indicate that the land in Eastern Europe has increased in value over the years and is estimated to rise even higher in future years to come. In 2005 for example, a piece of land in Romania, a country in Eastern Europe was approximately 40 Euro per square meter and the same piece of land at the moment is being sold at 200 Euro per square meter. It is therefore an indication that property purchased at the moment will fetch a higher amount of money if sold in the future and it is therefore a great investment to make. The population in Eastern Europe is also on the rise thereby increasing the chance of massive house development projects. Real estate investment is also another great opportunity to engage in to create a higher standard of living for the residents (Stillmock 2). The retail sector investment has also played a big role in opening up markets in Easter n Europe. Big hypermarkets such as Carrefour and Tesco have already penetrated the market paving way for other investors with the same interest. The retail sector is enjoying the new trend of stable economy creating an expansion in the sector. The regions in Eastern Europe are also adopting modern technology with the manufacturing sector relying heavily on the recent state of art equipment and the communication also adopting the new technology mode in communication. Therefore, penetrating the market in this sector will create a great opportunity to investors. A good example of such successful business in this region is the cellular industry which deals in cellular technology and cable lines. Major Setbacks For Investing In Eastern Europe It is worth noting that investment opportunities in Eastern Europe are on the increase with the regions enjoying very low debt and inflation rates in the region making the economy more stable. With the good national planning, markets are paving a bi g opening for investors hence making the residents feel wealthier in their new ways of spending. However, the opportunities have several setbacks hindering full market penetration.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Investing In Eastern Europe specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The main setback is fear by the investors of the countries in Eastern Europe experiencing short-term risks and growing pains that they have not yet been able to manage them. The argument that has been tendered is the fact that being developing countries, the investors would suffer the most incase of a global slowdown. The other setback is the inadequacy of laws put in place to protect investors in certain sectors, such as the financial sector. There are no proper laws put in place to protect investors who have put a lot of money in the market sector incase of any unforeseeable risk. Conclusion Even with the few setbacks facing the inv estors in Eastern Europe, investment opportunities in the regions are on the increase with growth potential. Investment in these regions has become better in comparison to earlier years when the countries were struggling with their economic setback. Being developing countries, investors should seize the emerging markets with potential future growth. Works Cited Dobsiewics, Zbigniew. Foreign Investment in Eastern Europe. U.S.A: Routledge, 1992. Print Mair, Julian and Reynard, Chery. Investing in Emerging Markets: The BRIC EconomiesÃ Beyond. New York: Wiley, 2010. Print. Pal, Stanley. Investing in Eastern Europe: Capitalizing on Emerging Markets. London: Addison-Wesley, 1995. Print. Stillmock, Kevin. Romania On The Rise: Investing in Eastern Europe. 2005. Web.Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This research paper on Investing In Eastern Europe was written and submitted by user Adrienne Becker to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.